people defined as group based on inherited capacities or moral, intellectual, etc. characteristics unique to that group. (biology)


identity of some as "a people" designated in terms of cultural boundary, contrasted with some group of "Others".

(many social scientists who are convinced that race is not a valid biological concept will point to "ethnicity" as a better term for group differences of a cultural nature.)

belief system that observes "inherent differences" of groups with no particular value judgements about those differences.


belief system emphasizing inherent differences, and places them in a hierarchical relationship; claims special privileges for one race and disparaging another.

More From Werner Sollers

Daniel Hindes An interesting blog post discussing these terms with a moral argument as to why it is important to distinguish racism from racialism

Winant, Howard. Racism Today: Continuity and Change in the Post-Civil Rights Era. Ethnic and Racial Studies Vol. 21, no. 4 (1998). http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/faculty/winant/what_is_racism.html