Pg. 142 – the question of intentionality was therefore transferred to the problem of whether authorial intention could or should be invoked as a tool in the task of meaning’s excavation

Literary Criticism started out as a value judgment to determine whether a work is valuable and aesthetically pleasing or not. It then shifted to the idea of close readings, which brought out the question of whether the author's intention needed to be considered. The idea of intentions then gets shifted to the critics themselves, acknowledging that critics also have intentions that would be present in their own essays and professional contributions. In essence, the chapter seems to insist on questioning intentions at every level.