Summary of Argument:
It is difficult to gauge and quantify intention, because intention is a shared responsibility between the author and the reader. Intention is a variable that can, in the end, become something vastly different that what was originally intended. Furthermore, the difference between intention and motive seems to be that motive can be defined as premeditated intention. As it is questioned on page 138 of the text "From the standpoint of aesthetics, the kind of questions that have been traditionally asked about intention are those genially parodied by James Joyce... 'If a man... hacking in fury at a block of wood... make there an image of a cow, is that image a work of art? If not, why not?' In other words, is it possible for a work of art to be created accidentally?"